SL ranked 2nd on Long-Term Climate Risk Index
December 6, 2018
The 2019 Long-Term Climate Risk Index has listed Sri Lanka as the second most affected countries by extreme weather events in 20 years since 1998.
The index is part of a report, Global Climate Risk Index 2019, which was released at the annual climate summit in Poland yesterday.
The report was prepared analysing damages caused by the extreme weather events that took place from 1998 to 2017.
The Long-Term Climate Risk Index listed Puerto Rico as the most affected.
Sri Lanka was ranked fourth in the Climate Risk Index in 2016.
The Index for 2017 ranked Puerto Rico, Sri Lanka and Dominica as the most affected countries in 2017 followed by Nepal, Peru and Vietnam. For the period from 1998 to 2017, Puerto Rico, Honduras and Myanmar rank highest.
Nepal was ranked fourth and India 14th in the list.
The Index said, in May 2017, heavy landslides and floods in Sri Lanka after strong monsoon rains displaced more than 600 000 people with 12 districts affected.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has already predicted in its scientific report that risks associated with extreme events will continue to increase as the global mean temperature rises.
With four countries in the top of the list, the annual risk index shows that South Asian countries are among the most vulnerable globally to the impacts of climate change.
German Watch said as many as 200 people lost their lives in these countries and millions were displaced throughout the region.
According to the report, more than 526,000 people died worldwide and there were losses of $3.47 trillion as a result of more than 11,500 extreme weather events between 1998 and 2017.
Globally, 11,500 people died because of extreme weather events and economic damages totalled some $375 billion.